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## Society

Daugavpils is the second largest city in Latvia. According to the data of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs, at the beginning of 2015 there were 95 467 people in Daugavpils. Total area of Daugavpils is 72 km^{2} and the density of population is 1 200 inhabitants per 1 km^{2 }in 2015.

During the year the number of population decreased by 1,325 persons or 1,4%. Population of Daugavpils City is 4,5% of the total number of population in Latvia and 5,2% of the population in major cities in Latvia. Population decrease is explained by the working population emigration to the other EU countries, youth emigration to the capital city Riga, as well as the overall negative demographic situation in the country. In 2015, 865 children were born, but 1,201 persons have died in Daugavpils, thereby the natural population growth was negative – 336th.

Pic. 1 The number of inhabitants in Daugavpils (*Data of the Central Statistical Bureau, census results**, Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs at the beginning of 2015 *)*

According to the data of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs, 60 494, or 63,4% of the total number of city population were at working age in Daugavpils. The number of working age population continues to decrease – by 1624 people, i.e. to 64,2% in 2015. The population of the age group under working age increased slightly – by 165 people and the population of the age over working age increased by 134 people.

The age groups of Daugavpils population (*Data of the Central Statistical Bureau, census results**, Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs at the beginning of 2015*)*

Daugavpils is a city with different nationalities and the ethnic structure and population does not have significant changes in Daugavpils in the last years.

The national structure of Daugavpils population in 2015, % (*Data of the Central Statistical Bureau, census results**, Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs data at the beginning of 2015*)*

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Daugavpils Youth Department has organized and coordinated employment measures at the local educational institutions, companies and enterprises for the students at the age group from 13 to 19 during summer holidays.